Posted: April 3rd, 2021

Week 3 – experiment 2 – newton’s second law (lab)

Labs for College Physics: Mechanics Worksheet Experiment 3.2-1

 

 

 

Newton’s Second Law and Newton’s Cradle

 

 

 

As you work through the steps in the lab procedure, record your experimental values and the results

 

on this worksheet. Use the exact values you record for your data to make later calculations.

 

 

 

Part I: Newton’s Second Law, Step 2

 

 

Complete Table 1. Record all data to three decimal places (e.g., 4.000 or 6.325 or 0.000). Do not

 

include units in your answer.

 

 

Table 1: (M = 100 g;m = 1:0 g)

 

Cart Mass (M) Mass (m) Distance (s) Time (t)

 

 

 

(g) (g) (m) (s)

 

 

100 1.0 0.000 0.000

 

100 1.0 0.100

 

100 1.0 0.200

 

100 1.0 0.300

 

100 1.0 0.400

 

100 1.0 0.500

 

100 1.0 0.600

 

100 1.0 0.700

 

100 1.0 0.800

 

100 1.0 0.900

 

100 1.0 1.000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Labs for College Physics: Mechanics Worksheet Experiment 3.2-2

 

If the data points of distance and time were connected smoothly on a graph, the curve would be a

 

.

 

The line or curve formed is because the object is .

 

 

 

 

 

 

Labs for College Physics: Mechanics Worksheet Experiment 3.2-3

 

 

 

Part I: Newton’s Second Law, Step 3

 

 

Complete Table 2. Record all data to three decimal places (e.g., 4.000 or 6.325 or 0.000). Do not

 

include units in your answer.

 

 

Table 2: (M = 250 g;m = 1:0 g)

 

Cart Mass (M) Mass (m) Distance (s) Time (t)

 

 

 

(g) (g) (m) (s)

 

 

250 1.0 0.000 0.000

 

250 1.0 0.100

 

250 1.0 0.200

 

250 1.0 0.300

 

250 1.0 0.400

 

250 1.0 0.500

 

250 1.0 0.600

 

250 1.0 0.700

 

250 1.0 0.800

 

250 1.0 0.900

 

250 1.0 1.000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Labs for College Physics: Mechanics Worksheet Experiment 3.2-4

 

If the data points of distance and time were connected smoothly on a graph the curve would be a

 

.

 

The line or curve formed is because the object is .

 

 

 

 

 

 

Labs for College Physics: Mechanics Worksheet Experiment 3.2-5

 

 

 

Part I: Newton’s Second Law, Step 4

 

 

Complete Table 3. Record all data to three decimal places (e.g., 4.000 or 6.325 or 0.000). Do not

 

include units in your answer.

 

 

Table 3: (M = 100 g;m = 4:0 g)

 

Cart Mass (M) Mass (m) Distance (s) Time (t)

 

 

 

(g) (g) (m) (s)

 

 

100 4.0 0.000 0.000

 

100 4.0 0.100

 

100 4.0 0.200

 

100 4.0 0.300

 

100 4.0 0.400

 

100 4.0 0.500

 

100 4.0 0.600

 

100 4.0 0.700

 

100 4.0 0.800

 

100 4.0 0.900

 

100 4.0 1.000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Labs for College Physics: Mechanics Worksheet Experiment 3.2-6

 

If the data points of distance and time were connected smoothly on a graph the curve would be a

 

.

 

The line or curve formed is because the object is .

 

 

 

Part I: Newton’s Second Law, Step 5

 

 

 

If you increase the mass of the cart, while leaving the hanging mass unchanged, the

 

 

 

acceleration of the system will .

 

 

If you increase the mass of the hanging weight, while leaving the mass of the cart

 

unchanged, the acceleration of the system will .

 

 

 

 

 

Labs for College Physics: Mechanics Worksheet Experiment 3.2-7

 

 

 

Part II: Newton’s Cradle

 

 

 

Observe one ball swinging. Next, observe and describe what happens when two balls, three balls,

 

and nally four balls are swinging, and record your observations.

 

 

Table 4

 

Observation

 

one ball

 

two balls

 

three balls

 

four balls

 

 

 

 

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