Posted: January 21st, 2021

Accounting multiple choice and true or false

 

Exam

 

Name___________________________________

 

TRUE/FALSE. Write ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if the statement is false.

 

1) The periodic inventory system is normally used for relatively inexpensive goods.

 

2) When a company uses the perpetual inventory method, the inventory account should stay current

 

at all times.

 

 

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

3) In a periodic system, inventory balances and the cost of goods sold for the current period are

 

determined:

 

A) on a frequent basis.

 

B) on the first day of each year.

 

C) when a physical inventory count is taken.

 

D) at the time of sale.

 

 

 

4) What is the first step in the accounting cycle for a merchandising company?

 

A) The company delivers inventory to customers.

 

B) The company sells inventory to customers, creating accounts receivable.

 

C) The company buys inventory.

 

D) The company collects cash.

 

 

 

TRUE/FALSE. Write ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if the statement is false.

 

5) When a company uses the perpetual inventory method, it should NOT be necessary to conduct a

 

physical count of inventory.

 

 

 

6) The entry to close Sales discounts and Sales returns and allowances results in a debit to Income

 

summary.

 

 

 

7) If a physical count of inventory indicates that the Inventory account is overstated, an additional

 

adjusting entry is required.

 

 

 

8) The entry to close Cost of goods sold results in a debit to Income summary.

 

 

 

 MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

 

 

9) The following pertains to periodic inventory: On a merchandising income statement, which would

 

NOT be found under the heading of Cost of goods sold?

 

A) Freightin

 

B) Purchases

 

C) Supplies

 

D) Purchases returns and allowances

 

 

 

TRUE/FALSE. Write ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if the statement is false.

 

10) The consistency principle states that a business should use the same accounting methods from

 

period to period.

 

 

 

11) The lowerofcostormarket rule demonstrates accounting conservatism in action.

 

 

 

12) A company reports that it uses the FIFO method of inventory costing. This is an example of the

 

disclosure principle.

 

 

 

13) A company should NOT change the inventory costing method each period in order to maximize

 

net income. This is an example of the disclosure principle.

 

 

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

 

 

14) A company purchased 100 units for $20 each on January 31. It purchased 100 units for $30 on

 

February 28. It sold 150 units for $45 each from March 1 through December 31. If the company uses

 

the FirstIn, FirstOut inventory costing method, what is the amount of ending inventory on

 

December 31?

 

A) $1,000

 

B) $1,500

 

C) $1,250

 

D) $2,250

 

 

 

15) A company purchased 100 units for $20 each on January 31. It purchased 100 units for $30 on

 

February 28. It sold 150 units for $45 each from March 1 through December 31. If the company uses

 

the averagecost inventory costing method, what is the amount of ending inventory on December

 

31?

 

A) $1,000

 

B) $1,250

 

C) $1,500

 

D) $2,250

 

 

 

16) A company purchased 100 units for $20 each on January 31. It purchased 100 units for $30 on

 

February 28. It sold 150 units for $45 each from March 1 through December 31. If the company uses

 

the LastIn, FirstOut inventory costing method, what is the amount of ending inventory on

 

December 31?

 

A) $1,250

 

B) $2,250

 

C) $1,000

 

D) $1,500

 

 

 

17) A company purchased 100 units for $20 each on January 31. It purchased 100 units for $30 on

 

February 28. It sold 150 units for $45 each from March 1 through December 31. If the company uses

 

the FirstIn, FirstOut inventory costing method, what is the amount of Cost of goods sold on the

 

December 31 income statement?

 

A) $4,000

 

B) $3,750

 

C) $6,750

 

D) $3,500

 

 

 

18) A company purchased 100 units for $20 each on January 31. It purchased 100 units for $30 on

 

February 28. It sold 150 units for $45 each from March 1 through December 31. If the company uses

 

the average cost inventory costing method, what is the amount of Cost of goods sold on the

 

December 31 income statement?

 

A) $3,750

 

B) $6,750

 

C) $3,500

 

D) $4,000

 

 

 

TRUE/FALSE. Write ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if the statement is false.

 

19) An overstatement of ending inventory in the current period results in the understatement of Net

 

income in the current year.

 

 

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

20) Ending inventory for the current year is overstated by $20,000. What effect will this error have on

 

the following year’s Net income?

 

A) The inventory overstatement will not affect Net income.

 

B) Net income will be understated by $40,000.

 

C) Net income will be understated by $20,000.

 

D) Net income will be overstated by $20,000.

 

 

 

21) Ending inventory for the current accounting period is overstated by $3,500. What will be effect of

 

this error?

 

A) Net income for the current period will be overstated by $3,500.

 

B) Ending inventory for the next period will be overstated by $3,500.

 

C) Equity at the end of the next accounting period will be overstated by $3,500.

 

D) Cost of goods sold for the current period will be overstated by $3,500.

 

 

 

22) Ending inventory for the current period is understated. What effect will this error have on equity?

 

A) Equity will be understated at the end of the current period, but it will be correct at the end of

 

the next period.

 

B) Equity will be overstated at the end of the current period, but it will be correct at the end of

 

the next period.

 

C) Equity will be overstated at the end of the current period and overstated at the end of the next

 

period.

 

D) Equity will be overstated at the end of the current period and understated at the end of the

 

next period.

 

 

 

23) Ending inventory for the current accounting period is understated by $2,700. What effect will this

 

error have on Cost of goods sold and Net income?

 

A) Cost of goods sold Net income

 

Understated Understated

 

B) Cost of goods sold Net income

 

Overstated Understated

 

C) Cost of goods sold Net income

 

Overstated Overstated

 

D) Cost of goods sold Net income

 

Understated Overstated

 

 

 

24) Ending inventory for the current accounting period is overstated by $2,700. What effect will this

 

error have on Cost of goods sold and Net income?

 

A) Cost of goods sold Net income

 

Understated Understated

 

B) Cost of goods sold Net income

 

Overstated Understated

 

C) Cost of goods sold Net income

 

Understated Overstated

 

D) Cost of goods sold Net income

 

Overstated Overstated

 

 

 

25) Which of the following are clues that a company may have been “cooking the books” by

 

fraudulently increasing their level of net sales?

 

A) Several company warehouses reported burglaries.

 

B) There was a high level of inventory purchases in the following period.

 

C) Several shipping clerks checked into hospitals from lifting heavy boxes.

 

D) There was a very high level of returned goods shortly after yearend.

 

 

 

TRUE/FALSE. Write ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if the statement is false.

 

26) Using the FIFO costing method will always produce the same results whether a company uses

 

perpetual or periodic inventory.

 

 

 

27) Using the LIFO costing method will always produce the same results whether a company uses

 

perpetual or periodic inventory.

 

 

 

28) When using periodic inventory, the closing process begins with closing out the Beginning

 

inventory to Cost of goods sold.

 

 

 

29) When using periodic inventory, the closing process begins with closing out the Beginning

 

inventory to Cost of goods sold. The second step is to set up the ending inventory by debiting Cost

 

of goods sold and crediting Inventory.

 

 

 

30) Under periodic inventory, the company first calculates Cost of goods sold for the period, and then

 

determines what the Ending inventory balance is.

 

 

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

31) Samson Company had the following balances and transactions during 2012.

 

Beginning inventory 10 units at $70

 

March 10 Sold 8 units

 

June 10 Purchased 20 units at $80

 

October 30 Sold 15 units

 

What would the company’s Inventory amount be on the December 31, 2012 balance sheet if the

 

periodic FIFO costing method is used? (Answers are rounded to the nearest dollar.)

 

A) $554

 

B) $537

 

C) $490

 

D) $560

 

 

 

TRUE/FALSE. Write ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if the statement is false.

 

32) With a periodic inventory method, purchases, purchase discounts, and purchase returns and

 

allowances are recorded in separate accounts.

 

 

 

33) With a periodic inventory method, it is necessary to conduct a physical count of inventory to

 

determine cost of goods sold.

 

 

 

 

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

34) Which of the following would appear on the income statement of a company that uses the periodic

 

inventory method, but would NOT appear on the income statement of a company that uses the

 

perpetual inventory method?

 

A) Cost of goods sold

 

B) Insurance expenses

 

C) Net sales

 

D) Cost of goods available for sale

 

 

 

35) A company uses the periodic inventory method. Which of the following entries would be made to

 

record a $1,200 purchase of inventory on account?

 

A) The accounting entry would be a $1,200 debit to Inventory and a $1,200 credit to Accounts

 

payable.

 

B) The accounting entry would be a $1,200 debit to Accounts payable and a $1,200 credit to

 

Inventory.

 

C) The accounting entry would be a $1,200 debit to Accounts payable and a $1,200 credit to

 

Purchases.

 

D) The accounting entry would be a $1,200 debit to Purchases and a $1,200 credit to Accounts

 

payable.

 

 

 

TRUE/FALSE. Write ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if the statement is false.

 

36) Under the SarbanesOxley Act, the outside auditor must issue an internal control report.

 

 

 

37) The Public Company Oversight Board oversees the work of auditors of public companies.

 

 

 

38) Under the SarbanesOxley Act, accounting firms are prohibited from both auditing a client and

 

providing certain consulting services for the same client.

 

 

 

39) Under the SarbanesOxley Act, violators may be sentenced to prison for securities fraud.

 

 

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

40) Which of the following is a requirement of the SarbanesOxley Act?

 

A) The outside auditor must issue an internal control report for each public company.

 

B) Accounting firms may not both audit a public client and provide certain consulting services

 

for the same client.

 

C) The Public Company Oversight Board must create new accounting standards.

 

D) The Public Company Oversight Board must conduct audits of public companies.

 

 

 

TRUE/FALSE. Write ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if the statement is false.

 

41) The control environment is one of the five components by which a company can achieve its internal

 

control objectives.

 

 

 

42) Risk assessment is the “tone at the top” of a business, starting with the owner and the top managers.

 

 

 

43) External auditors monitor company controls to safeguard assets and ensure that employees are

 

following company policies.

 

 

 

44) Internal auditors evaluate company controls to ensure the accuracy of financial statements.

 

 

 

45) Mandatory vacations and job rotation improve internal control.

 

 

 

46) Separation of duties limits fraud and promotes the accuracy of the account records.

 

 

 

47) A pointofsale terminal (cash register) provides control over cash in the form of a tape record of

 

sales which is compared to the count of the drawer.

 

 

 

48) As part of the internal control over cash receipts by mail, the mailroom sends both the customer

 

checks and the remittance advices to the accounting department.

 

 

 

49) Regarding controls over cash receipts by mail, the bank deposit slip should be compared to the

 

remittance advices by the accounting department.

 

 

 

50) For strong controls over cash receipts, the checks to be deposited should be sent to the treasurer and

 

the remittance advices should be sent to the accounting department.

 

 

 

51) As long as the same person deposits customer checks and records the deposits into the ledger, there

 

will be good internal control over cash receipts.

 

 

 

52) An accountant is under pressure to maximize the company’s net income at yearend. He is told to

 

delay orders of important services until the following year. This action would be considered

 

unethical because it is a misrepresentation of actual transactions.

 

 

 

53) An accountant is under pressure to maximize the company’s net income at yearend. He is told to

 

record expense payments made in December as if they were actually made the following January.

 

This action would be considered unethical because it is a misrepresentation of actual transactions.

 

 

 

54) A company makes a legitimate, properly authorized payment to a supplier. The accountant

 

changes the date of the transaction to shift it to a later time period. Because the transaction is

 

legitimate, this action would not be considered unethical.

 

 

 

55) A company urgently needs to repair its fire alarm system, which will cost $6,000. The two senior

 

managers who are authorized to approve payments over $5,000 are both on holiday and cannot be

 

reached. The office manager is only authorized to approve payments up to $5,000, but is concerned

 

about the risks and safety factors involved, and wants to have the repair work done immediately.

 

She asks if the contractor could split up the repair bill into two separate invoices, one for parts, and

 

one for labor, so that she could approve both of them separately, and get the work done right away.

 

This action would not be considered unethical, as long as the office manager does not violate

 

specific company rules, or deliberately misrepresent the facts of the situation.

 

 

 

56) The two major types of receivables are accounts receivable and notes receivable.

 

 

 

57) The creditor is the entity that signs a note.

 

 

 

58) The allowance method is a method of recording collection losses by estimating uncollectible

 

amounts.

 

 

 

59) The income statement approach computes uncollectible accounts expense as a percentage of net

 

credit sales.

 

 

 

60) The direct writeoff method conforms to the matching principle better than the allowance method.

 

 

 

61) A company uses the direct writeoff method to account for uncollectible receivables. Uncollectible

 

account expense will be estimated as a percentage of sales.

 

 

 

62) The direct writeoff method is used primarily by large, publicly owned companies

 

63) Interest revenue must be reported for a note receivable that is outstanding at the end of the

 

accounting period.

 

 

 

64) The maturity value of a note is the sum of the principal plus interest due at maturity.

 

65) A note is dishonored when the maker of the note fails to pay the note at maturity.

 

 

 

66) The acidtest ratio appears in the current assets section of the balance sheet.

 

 

 

67) Accounts receivable amounts are generally shown on the balance sheet net of the allowance.

 

 

 

 

 

68) The acidtest ratio is computed as current assets divided by current liabilities.

 

 

 

69) When a business discounts a note receivable to a bank or financial broker, the business will

 

generally receive either more or less than the maturity value of the note.

 

 

 

70) When a business is holding a note receivable and wishes to collect cash prior to the maturity date of

 

the note, the business may sell the note to a bank or a financial broker. This process is called

 

discounting a note.

 

 

 

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